Mental illnesses are a condition that affects your thoughts, emotions, or ones day to day behavior affecting your daily routine. Mental illnesses can be caused by depression, family problems, or accidents that affect part of your brain. Some mental conditions are hereditary.

Most mental disorders are not easily noticeable unless one is closely monitored over time; or if one seek the help of a psychiatrist. However, people are in denials, so these mental illnesses are detached very late.

Some of the symptoms that one can look for are:

• When one starts forgetting information rather fast. • When an individual changes his/her mood suddenly. • When a person acquires weird behaviors that make one extremely fearful or anxious. • When one is in dire need to keep to themselves. • When one starts having conversations with the wall or alone. • When a mother does not want to breastfeed her baby or change its diaper. • When an individual’s progress at work starts deteriorating.

A study shows that three- quarters of mental disorders begin at the age of twenty-four years. Some common mental disorders are:

Anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorder is a mental health disorder where one's feelings of fear and anxiety are too strong that they can make them panic disrupting one's daily activities.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder whereby one has multiple personalities; one can get mad at the snap of the finger, one minute they are happy the next they are sad. You don’t know what to really expect with them.


Dementia is a disorder that affects one's daily life; one has conversations with a group of people in his/her mind.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Hyperactivity disorder is a chronic disorder that increases one's hyperactivity and impulsiveness. One is always seeking for attention.


Schizophrenia is a disorder that affects someone’s thoughts and behaviors. It mainly affects people that are older.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder occurs when one thinks about a person so much and obsesses over them to the extent of stalking them online and on the streets. The obsession becomes part of their daily routine.


Autism is a disorder that affects the communication of a person as the brain does not coordinate well with his or her actions.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic disorder mainly affects people who have gone through life experiences that left a scar on them. It is mainly experienced by soldiers who are from war.

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is a mental disorder that a new mother does not want to attend or care for her newborn baby.

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Mental illnesses do not discriminate against any race, social status, age, gender, sexual orientation, background, or religion. Anyone can have a mental disorder. Some mental conditions are so severe that one needs a 24-hour caregiver if they can’t afford a nurse they are admitted to mental institutions where they have someone to take care of them.

To keep a healthy mental state one needs to have a person he/she can talk to, maintain healthy relationships both at work and home.